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The Basics of Hardwood Floor Refinishing

floorHardwood Floor Refinishing Bergen County NJ is a great way to add value and beauty to your home. It involves sanding, staining, and applying a protective sealant to your hardwood floors.

First, you must remove all furniture and other fixtures from the room where sanding occurs. You must also cover outlets with plastic tarps and tape to prevent dust from escaping.

If your floors are old and have a worn-down finish, it is necessary to sand them before you can apply a new coat of stain. This can be done by hand but is usually done with a pole or palm sander and medium-grade sandpaper (36, 40, 60, 80, 120). It is important to vacuum and wipe down your floors after each sanding round, especially before applying a finishing agent. This ensures that no dust or dirt is left behind on the floor, which could mar the final product.

When sanding your wood floors, it is crucial that you follow the grain of the wood. This will help keep your hardwood floor as even as possible and allow you to eliminate any scratches or dents on the surface. Wearing a respirator when sanding is also important to protect yourself from the dust.

After sanding your floor, it is a good idea to vacuum once again and wipe down the entire surface with a microfiber or tack cloth. This will ensure that there is no dust or dirt on the floor, which can cause the finish to dull or flake. It is also a good time to take this opportunity to fill in any nail holes or gouges with a wood putty that matches your floors.

Once you have sanded your floor, leaving the room for about an hour or two is a good idea to let the sanding process settle. Once you return, you can resume moving your furniture back into the room and you should vacuum once again to remove any dust that has settled.

You will need to sand again, this time with a finer grade of sandpaper (80 or 120). This will smooth out the grit marks that were created by the coarse paper and prepare your floor for the application of a new finish.

You will want to use a low-VOC finish for your floor. This will minimize indoor air pollutants and keep your family healthy. When you are finished, you should allow the finish to dry for 24 hours before you return to your home.


Staining is the next step of the refinishing process, and it allows homeowners to change the overall look of their wood floors. When done properly, staining is a great way to highlight the natural beauty of hardwood floors, while also adding a warm and cozy feel to the home. However, staining comes with some distinct drawbacks that should be understood before deciding to go through with this process.

One of the biggest issues with staining is that it can be extremely time consuming. Not only does the initial prep work have to be completed – including cleaning, sanding, and vacuuming the floor – but then there is a waiting period while the stain dries. The stain must dry completely before the protective hardwood floor coating can be applied, and if the weather is not cooperating then this wait can easily extend for up to a week or more.

Another issue with staining is that it can be difficult to get the exact color that a customer wants. While the little swatches provided by stain manufacturers provide an excellent general guide to the colors that will appear on the floor, they can vary slightly when actually applied. This can lead to frustration for the homeowner, as well as delays in the finishing process.

Finally, there is the possibility that the stain will not stay put and may start to peel. This can be caused by a number of factors, including the type of stain, the sanding sequence, humidity, and even the amount of air movement in the room. This can be very frustrating and require the floors to be re-stained, potentially adding more time and expense to the project.

If you’re thinking of staining your wood flooring, we recommend having the refinishing process completed by professionals who have experience with this process. They will be able to help you choose the perfect color and finish for your floors, and they can ensure that the stain is applied evenly and will last for years to come. They’ll also be able to advise you on any other steps that will need to be taken, such as prepping the floor for the stain and applying the protective hardwood flooring coating.


Hardwood floors are a timeless and beautiful addition to any home. But even the most stunning hardwood floors need a protective finish to keep them looking great for years. Whether your hardwood floor is made of rich walnut, warm cherry wood, or rustic oak, the best way to protect your investment is by applying a quality sealant. But before you can apply a new coat of sealant, you’ll need to sand the floor and stain it first.

This is a labor-intensive process, but it can completely revitalize your hardwood floors. It can also get rid of deep scratches, gouges, and discoloration that cannot be fixed with resealing alone. This process should only be done if you are happy with your existing color and want to refresh your hardwood floor’s shine and add an extra layer of protection.

During this step, it is important to make sure the room is well-ventilated. This is because the sanding process releases a lot of dust and other debris that can be harmful to your health. It is also recommended that you wear breathing protection during this stage to avoid respiratory irritation.

After you have vacuumed and blown away any remaining dust from the sanding process, you can start the sealing process. This should be done after the floors are completely dry from the sanding process, which should take about 48 hours. Before you begin, it is also a good idea to remove any furniture or drapes that are in the way of the work area. Once the sealant has been applied, it is important to let it dry completely before using your hardwood floors.

To ensure your sealant stays fresh and protected, you’ll need to reapply it once every five to seven years. This will help to extend the life of your hardwood floors and save you money in the long run by preventing costly repairs and replacements.

Depending on your lifestyle and the number of people living in your home, you may need to reseal more or less often than this. It is also a good idea to have your hardwood floors buffed and recoated or have an oil coat applied occasionally to prevent fading and maintain their sheen.


Buffing, also known as screening, is a floor finish process that is less extensive than sanding. It involves using a circular buffing machine to remove the top layer of polyurethane and bring it back up to a shine. A new coat of polyurethane is then applied to the surface, creating a smooth, shiny surface. While it won’t get rid of all scratches and scuffs, it will help reduce the appearance of them, making your hardwood floors look new again.

Before you start buffing, it is important to make sure that your flooring is completely clean and free of dust, debris, dirt, pet hair, or lint. If any of these particles are left behind, they could contaminate the final finish and cause it to flake or peel. You will want to thoroughly vacuum your floors and use a dust mop to get rid of any lingering particles.

It is possible to buff a stain-finished floor, but it’s best to do so before you apply the new coat of polyurethane. The buffed floor will need to be dry before you can apply the stain and will not take the color very well unless you “pop” the grain (applying a higher grit than what was used for the initial sanding).

In general, buffing is more common on urethane finished wood floors because it only addresses the top layer of polyurethane and protects the wood underneath it. The protective layer wears down over time and can become scratched and scuffed just like the rest of your floor, but it will be protected from further damage as long as you keep up with regular buffing.

It’s a good idea to have your urethane floors buffed and re-coated about every 3 years to extend their life. It’s kind of like putting on sunblock, you can still get a sunburn even when you’ve put on sunscreen, but it will be much less painful if you do it regularly before your skin becomes sun-burnt. Buffing is a lot cheaper and less time consuming than doing a full sand and refinish!



Commercial Plumbers

The Woodlands Plumber install interior plumbing systems for water supply and waste drainage in office buildings, restaurants, and establishments. They also install underground pipes for water and sewer lines.Plumbers

They must consider the ramifications of gravity and multiple floors in a building when designing and installing these systems. They must also be able to spot potential issues, such as leaks before they become major problems.

Plumbing systems in commercial buildings tend to be larger and more complex than those found in homes. They also have a higher number of occupants, meaning they take on more wear and tear. Because of this, they are more likely to experience problems and need repair work. Commercial plumbers install, maintain, and repair a wide variety of water fixtures and services. Some of these include hot water systems, sewage systems, drainage systems, and more. They follow blueprints and understand the needs of a specific building or area to ensure everything is installed correctly. They may also perform basic carpentry work to access pipes inside walls and brace them if necessary.

A large part of a commercial plumber’s job is responding to emergency calls. This can involve anything from clogged toilets to major pipe repairs. Because so many people rely on the plumbing in a business to function properly, these issues must be addressed as quickly as possible. Commercial plumbers are normally on call 24/7 to deal with these types of urgent situations.

Often, the first step in a commercial plumbing project is to assess the current situation and create a plan for moving forward. This involves determining the source of the problem, mapping out the piping, and identifying any potential hazards or difficulties that could arise. It’s important for a commercial plumber to be transparent and upfront with their clients about these things so there are no surprises down the road.

Once the plan is in place, the commercial plumber can start working. They might need to shut off the water supply in order to do this, so it’s important they know how to do this safely and efficiently. Additionally, they might need to remove and replace parts in order to fix the problem. These tasks can be more complicated than those found in a residential setting, which is why it’s so important to hire an experienced, qualified commercial plumber.

Finally, a commercial plumber will regularly perform maintenance services on all of the pipes and fixtures in the building. This helps prevent future problems, catch any existing ones before they become more serious, and reduces overall costs. This type of service also includes testing for leaks, confirming water pressure is adequate, and making sure all drains are clear.


In addition to installing new systems, commercial plumbers also provide maintenance services. This can involve checking for and repairing existing leaks, water or wastewater clogs, faulty water heaters, and other plumbing problems. It can also include performing routine inspections of all the pipes and fixtures in a building to identify any issues that may be developing.

Another important aspect of maintenance is keeping up with any required building codes or other regulations. For example, if there is a sewage backflow problem, the plumber must be able to follow all relevant environmental and safety laws to prevent contamination. This requires a good understanding of local regulations, as well as knowledge of national and international standards.

Unlike residential plumbing, which is largely concerned with maintaining a single home’s plumbing system, the systems in commercial buildings are far more varied. A supermarket might have an elaborate watering system for its produce, while a restaurant could have multiple toilets and urinals scattered throughout the space. This makes it essential for commercial plumbers to be jacks-of-all-trades and have extensive experience working with different types of commercial plumbing systems.

It’s also important for commercial plumbers to be able to communicate effectively with their clients. For instance, some businesses might not be comfortable with having their plumbers crawl around in their ductwork or inspect their high-security systems. If the plumber discovers a potential issue, such as a leaking sewer pipe, then they must be able to negotiate with the business owner to agree on a plan for repair.

In general, choosing a commercial plumber with a solid reputation is the best way to ensure quality work. Look for online reviews and recommendations from other facilities managers to find out which plumbers are reputable and dependable. Also, look for a company that offers upfront pricing and an easy-to-understand service agreement. This will make it easier to budget for any repairs or replacements that might be needed in the future.

Getting reliable commercial plumbers on board can help you avoid major plumbing issues in your facility. By implementing a preventative maintenance program, you’ll be less likely to need expensive repairs and will be prepared for when the time comes to replace your plumbing systems.


Whether the plumbing system in your office building is outdated or damaged, you’ll need expert repair services to keep things running smoothly. Leaky pipes, clogged drains and water heater problems are not just inconvenient—they can cause significant damage to equipment, fixtures and building structure, and result in costly repairs and loss of productivity. That’s why it’s important to work with a commercial plumber who offers 24/7 emergency repair services for urgent situations.

In addition to repairing and replacing pipes, commercial plumbers can also help you upgrade your plumbing system. For example, if you have an old or inefficient water heater that’s costing you a lot of money, a new one can improve energy efficiency and save you a lot of money in the long run. Commercial plumbers are qualified to install and repair a wide range of water heating systems.

While residential plumbers typically deal with pesky clogged drains and toilets, commercial plumbers are more likely to encounter larger scale problems that affect multiple areas of a large commercial property. For instance, when a commercial plumber is dealing with a clogged drain in a shopping center or hospitality suite, they must consider how it could impact the entire plumbing system and how other businesses or residents might be affected.

Clogged drains can often be fixed with a simple drain snake, but when the problem is more severe, such as in high-rise buildings, a commercial plumber may need to use specialized tools and techniques to locate and clear the blockage. They also need to be able to identify other potential problems, such as low water pressure or a leaky roof that could cause flooding and further damage to the building and its contents.

A good commercial plumber will have a broad range of skills, including basic carpentry, to enable them to access and repair plumbing in hard-to-reach places. They’ll understand blueprint designs and be able to work with electrical and HVAC contractors when installing new equipment or rerouting existing pipes. Some even offer trenchless sewer and water line repair, which can be less disruptive and cheaper than traditional excavation methods.


Commercial plumbing encompasses a wide range of services, from installing fixtures to repairing leaks and sewer line backups. In addition, commercial plumbers can help with plumbing upgrades and redesigns to improve efficiency and functionality. Plumbing problems can be a major inconvenience for businesses, so it is important to hire a company that responds quickly and provides quality service.

Many plumbers offer emergency services, and some even have 24/7 availability. This can be particularly useful for business owners, as it allows them to get plumbing issues resolved before the problem worsens. Commercial plumbers often have specialized equipment that can help with more complex issues, such as drain cleaning for commercial buildings or installing new water heaters.

Leaky pipes are a common problem for both residential and commercial properties, but they can be more dangerous in a commercial setting. Because of the high amount of water involved, leaks can lead to structural damage and even mold growth. Commercial plumbers have the skills and equipment necessary to locate and repair leaking pipes, including using cameras to inspect hard-to-reach spaces.

Another common issue that commercial plumbers deal with is clogged drains and toilets. These can be caused by a variety of factors, from excess toilet paper to flushing items that aren’t meant to be put in the toilet (like children’s toys). Commercial plumbers have the tools and experience to clear even the most stubborn drain clogs.

Aside from drain clogs and leaks, commercial plumbers can also help with other problems that can affect business operations, such as low water pressure or foul odors from sewage back-ups. These issues can reduce productivity and even drive away customers in some cases. Commercial plumbers know how to diagnose and fix these issues quickly and efficiently so that businesses can continue operating normally.

While residential plumbers typically deal with simpler systems, commercial plumbers work with larger buildings that have more complex structures. This means they need a wider range of knowledge and expertise to understand and troubleshoot these issues. They need to be able to read and interpret blueprints and diagrams and have the technical skills needed to work with large-scale systems and equipment. Additionally, they must have knowledge of building codes and regulations when working on a commercial project.